Ethnic Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System in Wales: a Linked Administrative Data Study (Dr Yongchao Jing, Research Associate, CASCADE)
Wed 11 October (1-2pm) Online
Email Mead for the Zoom link
A long-identified concern in the field of child welfare is that ethnic minority children are overrepresented in the child welfare system compared to their percentage in the total population, a phenomenon commonly referred to as racial/ethnic disproportionality. This pattern of intervention is troubling because it results from ethnic bias in the child welfare system and/or systematic socioeconomic disadvantages for ethnic families, both of which reflect ethnic inequality that needs to be addressed. Research on ethnic disproportionality in the UK is still scarce, mostly in England and focused on Children Looked After and Children on Protection Register, rather than the wider population of Children in Need. Drawing on the population-based Children in Need/Children Receiving Care and Support (CIN/CRCS) administrative records, we link these records to Census 2011 to improve the missing data of ethnicity on children in the welfare system. Our analyses describe the level of ethnic disproportionality for CIN/CRCS from 2011 to 2020. Ethnic disproportionality provides not only compelling insights into patterns of existing inequalities, it also raises further questions on interventions as how to improve children’s welfare service for social equity. This research advances the field in several important ways. First, we improve data quality of CIN/CRCS by data linkage. Second, we explore the wider and under-researched group of CIN/CRCS. Third, we are the first in the UK to describe the trend of ethnic disproportionality over a 10-year period. Fourth, the observation window of this research covers a period that coincides with both the change of legal framework in the definition of children for whom data are collected first seen in 2017 and the 2019-2020 years with COVID-19 pandemic disruptions, offering a rare opportunity to observe how administrative changes and exogenous interruptions may affect the level of ethnic disproportionality observed in the child welfare system.
Dr Yongchao Jing holds a DPhil in Sociology from the University of Oxford. Before joining CASCADE, her work on labour market inequality analysed cross-national survey data with quantitative methods. She was also involved in projects on migration and children’s mental and physical health. She is now a Research Associate on a Health and Care Research Wales funded project Ethnic and Religious Inequalities in Children Welfare (ERICA) exploring ethnic inequality in children’s social care by applying complex data linkage techniques with administrative data in Wales within SAIL databank.
Ethnicity and diversity research and practice at SPARK – the UK’s first social science innovation park
Friday 10th of November 2023, 10-12 noon, SPARK room 0.47
Organisers: Anna Skeels (SPARK Hub) and Sofia Vougioukalou (MEAD & SOCSCI)
This networking session is jointly organised by the SPARK Hub and MEAD the Migration, Race, Ethnicity and Diversity Research group at SOCSCI. It is aimed at researchers and professionals based in or affiliated with SPARK. The session will include lightning talks (3-5 minute inputs) and small group discussions. It is aimed at fostering greater collaborations between academia, third-sector organisations, public bodies and the Welsh Government and can lead to the development of new projects. Please register your interest in presenting your work, please email firstname.lastname@example.org with a few sentences about the work you’d like to present by the 30th of September.
Culture, Dementia and Care: Dementia Action Week in Grangetown
Date and Time: 17 May 2023, 15.30-17.30
Venue: Grangetown Pavilion
Speakers: Dr Sofia Vougioukalou, Kemba Hadaway-Morgan (MEAD) Jazz Browne (Nubian Life), Shahid Mohammed (carer and dementia activist), Juls Benson (Reality Theatre)
Dementia advice stalls:Alzheimer’s Society, Llandough hospital dementia learning team, dementia nursing team School of Healthcare Sciences
This event will be delivered in the English language and interpreted in Urdu, Bengali, Arabic and Somali. It is a family-friendly event with creative activities for children provided by a community artist.
Dr Sofia Vougioukalou and Kemba Hadaway-Morgan will talk about dementia, the role of culture and language and provide information about research projects that are taking place at Cardiff University. Mr Shahid Mohammed will be sharing his experiences looking after his mother and Jazz Browne will be sharing her experiences from Nubian Life (an Afro-Caribbean specialist day-provision service for older people with dementia in South London). The event will end with a short film about cultural issues in dementia care.
Click here to reserve a place.
“They were strong for me and now I am strong.” Towards a strength–based approach to hosting forced migrant families in Wales
Date and Time: Wednesday 14 June, 1-2pm (Online webinar via zoom)
Dr Alison Prowle, University of Worcester
Registration opens soon.
In 2019, Welsh Government published its Nation of Sanctuary – Refugee and Asylum Seeker Plan, setting out an ambitious agenda for supporting and including refugees, which stands in stark contrast to the hostile policy environments of the UK Home Office. This paper presents a multi-disciplinary, qualitative study of how the needs of refugee and asylum-seeking parents in Wales are understood and supported, using a multi-lens stakeholder approach, drawing on the perspectives of refugee parents, multi-agency practitioners and strategic actors. It argues that there is much merit within the Nation of Sanctuary approach, but also scope for improving the experiences of refugee families in Wales, and more could be achieved even within existing devolved powers. The study has highlighted the potential for developing a strength–based and distinctly Welsh approach to hosting forced migrant families, focusing on agency, autonomy, and reciprocity.
Dr Alison Prowle is a senior lecturer in the Department for Children and Families at the University of Worcester. She specialises in children’s adverse life experiences, trauma informed practice and integrated working to support children and families. She has led a number of consultancy and research projects related to parenting and family support for local authorities in England and Wales and is currently working with Worcestershire Kinship Carers to design a bespoke parenting programme for kinship carers. Alison first began researching with refugee and asylum seeking parents when supporting the Children’s Centres in the camps of North France. She completed her PhD at Cardiff University in 2022, where she focused upon the experiences of forced migrant parents in Wales.
Overcoming Racism in Higher Education: A personal journey
Date and Time: Monday 24 April 2023, 12:30-13:45
Venue: Committee Room 1, Glamorgan Building
Professors Urfan Khaliq and Sin Yi Cheung, Cardiff University
Professor Khaliq, “a statistical outlier”, will speak candidly about his experiences working in higher education in the UK as a Muslim man of Pakistani origin. He will also hold an extend Q&As in this session.
Please note this in-person seminar was rescheduled from December 2022 and will not be recorded.
Click here to see event details and reserve a place.
The inaugural MEAD Conference was held on 13th July 2022 at Cardiff University, Glamorgan Building. We received a diverge range of submissions under the main theme of “Migration, Race, Ethnicity and Diversity in Post-Brexit Pandemic Britain” and the following sub-themes:
- COVID-19 and the Black and Minoritised communities
- Renewed hostility against immigrants and asylum seekers
- Post-Brexit migration and mobilities – international and regional
- Anti-racist and inclusive curriculum in education
- Inclusive leadership and EDI in the Workplace
- Sexual and gender-based violence against migrant women and girls
- Racial, ethnic and religious intersectional inequalities
- Cultural competence in health and social care
Delegates from all over Wales and England arrived for our first major in-person conference in the School of Social Sciences since the pandemic. Professor Urfan Khaliq, our Pro-Vice Chancellor and the Head of the College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences gave the opening welcome address, highlighting the unique space MEAD provides – a diverse cross-college interdisciplinary research group that brings together black and minoritised scholars doing research on migration, ethnicity, race and diversity and a space that promotes the co-production of knowledge with external partners and local communities.
Plenary sessions and panel discussions by senior scholars addressed key issues in migration, ethnicity, diversity research and practice in a post-pandemic world. Professor Steve Garner (Texas A&M University) discussed institutional obstructions by the state in France and the US to block antiracist advances in the age of cancel culture, highlighting the changing narrative on critical race theory, especially in the school curriculum in an increasing number of states in the US. Dr Katy Greenland (Cardiff University) offered insights on the often narrow and inconsistent definitional boundaries of discrimination, which are consequential for all kind of decision making. Michelle Alexis shared her rich experience in championing racial equality and diversity initiatives within a university context and how she fought inequalities from within through innovative strategy, sustainable change, accountability, authenticity and much more.
Time for networking and further discussion was carved into the programme during the plenary sessions with addresses from Professor Charlotte Williams (Bangor University) and Professor Uzo Iwobi (Race Council Cymru) highlighting potential research agenda and collaborative opportunities. We ended the day with a wine reception, toasting with apple juice and a very aptly named MEAD honey wine. We would like to give special thanks to all keynote speakers, panelists and participants for sharing their research and lived experiences in higher education. And above all the SOCSI Research Team, the Catering Team and the MEAD Organising Committee for their stellar effort in making the conference a success. We received overwhelmingly positive feedback such as this from one participant:
“I just wanted to express how impressed I was by the overall professional way the MEAD Conference was conducted. I think the best part for me was knowing that I was not alone in this field of research and that amazing research was going on. I quite liked the diversity amongst the speakers and the broad research areas that were presented….The key note speakers were also great….knowing that this conference had academics such as Professor Uzo, Prof Charlotte Williams in attendance, made me excited that I would have the opportunity to meet such high profile academics. Food and refreshments were also outstanding and there was more than enough for everyone to enjoy seconds. I would definitely give the MEAD Conference a 5 out of 5 stars. Looking forward to the next one”
What would the conference be without photos! Attendees were encouraged to post on their socials and use the hashtag #meadconf22 to create more publicity and reference for future conferences. As we look forward to the next MEAD Conference, if you are not already on our mailing list, do drop us an email email@example.com to subscribe and keep in touch.
The conference received generous support from the School of Social Sciences at Cardiff University and was co-sponsored by the open access journal Frontiers in Sociology – Race and Ethnicity. It is intended that a selection of the conference proceedings will be submitted to a Special Issue for Frontiers in Sociology: Race and Ethnicity. All publications will be subject to peer- review. The deadline for abstract submission to the Special issue is 30 September with a full-text submission expected in January 2023.