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Identidad Cultural

12 June 2018

One of the things which has been apparent to me here throughout my time in Andalucía is the strong cultural identity which Andalucians possess. They are proud to be Spanish, yet they also define themselves strongly through their regional inhabitance.

Andalucía es muy diferente de las regiones como Cataluña; quien quieren ser independientes y quien no se identifican como Españoles. La realidad es que los andaluces (desde mi punto de vista personal), son los españoles más conocidos en todo el mundo. Aquí se originó flamenco. La siesta es un parte esencial de cada día y la gente comen tapas todo el tiempo.

The cultural identity in Andalucía is further amplified by ´La Feria de Abril´ in Seville and further ferias (both large scale and local) throughout the region. Throughout these celebrations, men wear suits and women don their traditional ´traje de gitana´ dresses, visit the public casetas (or arrange private casetas for groups of friends), drink, eat, dance sevillanas and celebrate.


Creo que estas celebraciones enriquecen la cultura de Andalucía. La feria de abril empiece en los años 1800, así que ahora este festivo tiene casi dos ciento años. Es una de las tradiciones más importantes en toda la región, y en la España moderna es una de los pocos oportunidades en que es posible ver ropa tradicional y una tradición que ha vivido 200 años sin muchos cambios.

Moreover, the Andalucians possess one of the strongest accents in Spain. Consonants at the end (or often in the middle of words) are nonexistent. For example, ´Más o Menos´ (more or less) becomes ´mah o menoh´. This is especially the case in small countryside villages such as the one I work in. The accent could be seen to emphasize the strong cultural identity of the region, as just like in the UK, accents are an instant identifier of where a person is from.

However, alongside the strong cultural identity, it is also possible to argue that Andalucía (in the less tourism based towns and cities), isn´t a hugely diverse place. Migration levels here are not enormous, possibly due to the low employment levels. The point is that most Andalucians possess the ´typical´ Spanish look: Petite, dark hair, dark eyes and olive skin. I myself, being a 6´2 pasty white blonde ´stick out like a sore thumb´ here so to speak. The vast majority of the foreigners who I have met here in Spain are either on their Erasmus placements or doing the same language assistant programme as I am. I teach in a school of around 150 students, of which I would say there are 5 blondes and 1 red haired girl. The rest of my students are Andalucians from Andalucian families and have the perceived looks of a ´traditional´ Spanish person.

Por lo tanto, he dicho que no hay tanta diversidad internacional en Andalucía, pero sin duda hay mucha diversidad entre las regiones distintas en España. La región en que vivo tiene muchas de los estereotipos de los Españoles. Sin embargo, en Cataluña, mucha gente no se identifica como Españoles, pero solo con su región. El norte y el sur tienen culturas opuestas. Además, hay idiomas distintos en comunidades autónomos (euskera en país vasco, catalán en Cataluña, gallego en Galicia etc). Entonces es posible decir que en vez de la falta de diversidad internacional en Andalucía, la diversidad en general en España es clara.


Despite this post beginning describing how Spaniards have very strong cultural identities and how this may result in a lack of diversity, it is actually possible to conclude that this is exactly where Spain´s diversity comes from. The 17 autonomous communities of Spain have got their own identities, traditions, customs and cultures. You are unlikely to the same food from one region to another; if you do it is likely to have been prepared in a totally different way. The very day to day lives of citizens are different, as is the humor and the interpersonal exchanges. It is this diversity which enriches the experience of someone like me who is just in Spain for a temporary time and can see exactly what different things mean to different communities. Spain is an incredibly diverse nation which offers something for everyone.