Ann, our Academic Study Skills Manager, shares organisation, revision and exam strategies for success…
Prior planning and preparation are the keys to exam success. So let me introduce my exams guide, with organisation, revision and in-exam strategies to help you set a course and stay on track. From planning to procrastination and revision notes to sitting the actual exam, all the practical strategies are here for you!
- Revisit your module handbooks and know what the learning outcomes are for each module, as you are expected to demonstrate competency in these specific goals.
- Know exactly when and where the exam is and what is expected from you including the duration of the exam and the number of questions to be answered.
- Identify your strengths and weaknesses. You should be aware of which topics you know best and this should influence how much time you dedicate to studying each topic.
- Get organised. Organise electronic and hard copy resources and make sure you have a space you can work well in that minimises distraction.
- Produce a realistic revision timetable. This should include:
- Prioritising tasks.
- Planning your work and setting targets.
- Protecting the time allocated for revision.
- Avoid procrastinating by thinking realistically about why you may be procrastinating e.g. overwhelmed by the task, work is difficult, work is boring. Overcome procrastination by knowing why you are doing it, breaking the task down into chunks, setting targets and rewarding yourself.
- Routinely reviewing the progress you are making. If you have completed a target, reward yourself. If you have not managed to stick to the revision timetable, you need to question why this might be and what you might have to modify to achieve this.
- Study in small blocks of time and take breaks. Use alarms to remind you to take breaks and to return to revision once a break has finished.
- In order to get the most out of revision you need to commit information to memory, know the content and know how to apply that content in different scenarios.
- Revision notes need to be remembered so:
- Brevity is the key – use key words, mnemonics, bullet points, lists, headings and sub-headings.
- Vary the style – make it visual – posters, tables, diagrams or flowcharts. Use colour, pictures, cartoons or humour. Use audio and recordings. Make it transportable – flashcards and apps.
- Use your own words, as this tests your understanding of the topic and you are more likely to remember your own words.
- Repetition will aid revision so read, re-read, recite, rehearse, chant, drum and recall. You need to engage with the content you are learning.
- Critical thinking is essential, so test yourself and ask questions whilst you are revising. Do you understand what you are learning?
- When you revise try to do so thematically. What are the main themes emerging, why are they significant, what are the lines of reasoning presented and evidence to support these, what other ideas are available to you, what do you think?
- Create a bank of examination questions by typing or writing out questions from past papers, or create your own exam questions. Using past papers and / or thinking of questions challenges your understanding of the topics, focuses your mind, exposes you to how exam papers look and how they are worded.
- Devise model answers to typical questions which you can do by any of the following:
- Write out an answer under exam conditions
- Create a mind map
- Plan out an answer
- Discuss (and plan) an answer within a study group
- Talk through your own answer
- However, never learn off an answer to a topic. The chances of exactly the same question being asked are very slim, you will not be engaged in any critical thinking, remember, the examiner wants to see how you apply the knowledge you have, not just your recall of it.
9. Before the exam plan out your time. You need to know:
- How long the exam is
- How long you will spend reading the question paper, selecting your answers and
- jotting down ideas
- How long you will spend checking over your answers and proof-reading
- Now you can calculate how much time you have for writing each answer – you will need to remember this for the actual exam
Remember there are lots of apps you can use to help you with revision, whether you want an app to create flashcards, or one for time management and alarms or something that blocks you from distractions such as social media or youtube, just do a little searching and you are sure to find something to suit.
- During the exam, read the instructions and the questions carefully. Select which questions you will answer. Read the question then read the question again underlining key words and any instructions.
- Think. Ask yourself what is really being asked from you. Remember exams do not simply test knowledge but your application of that knowledge. Brainstorm – Get ideas down on paper – key points, references you might use, etc. They do not need to be organised just yet. Remember to think critically, what are the main themes, the line of reasoning, and the evidence? How are these interconnected? What do you think? Why? What evidence will you use? What other perspectives are available to you?
- Plan your exam answers –impose order on those ideas. Know how many paragraphs you will have and what you will write in each one.
- Write your essay. Clear structure – introduction – main body – conclusion. Answer the question set and use academic writing conventions.
- Once your time is up for each answer, stop writing and move onto the next question! You will not get as many marks for 2 great answers if you were asked to answer 3 questions!
- Check over your paper, proof-reading to make sure answers flow well, answers the questions set, are free from basic errors and make sense.
Good luck! Pob lwc!
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Ann, Academic Study Skills Manager.
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