Stephen Ratcliffe

Stephen Ratcliffe

Latest posts

Introduction to China Stock Market Database (CSMAR)

Posted on 14 June 2016 by Stephen Ratcliffe

Cardiff University Business School has a subscription to CSMAR for its students. This database is the primary financial research tool on Chinese companies and related financial information. CSMAR is available on and off-campus. In this video we provide a quick overview of how to locate data and download it within CSMAR. In the example given,
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How to reference an interview

Posted on 5 January 2016 by Stephen Ratcliffe

Let’s say that you have conducted interviews with individuals as part of your own research and you wish to cite that information. You can reference it as follows: Name of Interviewee. Year. Interviewed by name Date.   Smith, S. 2015. Interviewed by Iris Jones 18 November 2015.   Smith 2015 would appear as the citation
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WARC database

Posted on 25 June 2015 by Stephen Ratcliffe

Remember, staff and students have access to WARC database. A world-beating source for marketing case studies, company and industry reports and intelligence, media and campaign commentary. Brought to you by Aberconway Library. Cardiff Uuniversity username and password required. Access it Here  
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Earnings announcements on Datastream

Posted on 9 December 2013 by Stephen Ratcliffe

For earning announcement dates on Datastream, use the following datatypes: Fiscal year end: Interim earnings announcement dates use the quarterly ones: British companies won’t necessarily announce interim results on a quarterly basis, they will often announce every 6 months so your quarter 1 and quarter 3 results may be blank (i.e. no data) for UK
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How to reference reports or company profiles on Passport

Posted on 3 December 2013 by Stephen Ratcliffe

Author (use Euromonitor unless there is a named author). Year of publication. Title with Online in square brackets. Place of publication: Publisher. Database name replaces web address. Access date. Example: Euromonitor. 2013. Footwear in Europe: stepping up in the face of uncertainty. London: Euromonitor. Available at: Passport Database [Accessed: 8 September 2013] In the text:
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How to reference Facebook

Posted on 26 November 2013 by Stephen Ratcliffe

Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of page. [Facebook]. Date post written. Available at: URL [Accessed: date you viewed the site]. Smith, A. 2014. Profile page [Facebook]. 4 November 2014.  Available at: [Accessed: 10 June 2014].   Adapted from Leeds University guidance:
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How to reference Twitter in the Harvard Style

Posted on 19 November 2013 by Stephen Ratcliffe

Name or organisation. Year. Title (give the tweet as your title). Twitter plus the date of the tweet. URL and date it was accessed.   Dougill, Andy. 2013. Energising development with Jatropha curcas? Biofuel reflections from Mali in @PracticalAction briefing paper [Twitter]. 16 April. Available from: [Accessed: 8 September 2013].   (Example above adapted
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